ADAIR, SR (VETERAN CSA FAMOUS), JOHN LYNCH - Cherokee County, Oklahoma | JOHN LYNCH ADAIR, SR (VETERAN CSA FAMOUS) - Oklahoma Gravestone Photos

John Lynch ADAIR, SR (VETERAN CSA FAMOUS)

Tahlequah Cemetery
Cherokee County,
Oklahoma

CAPTAIN Confederate States Army
April 12,1828-October 21,1896

Married Mary Jane Jeffries 1854

Historic Note:
John Lynch Adair was born in Georgia, and left there with the general removal of the Cherokees in 1839, while a small boy. His father was Thomas Benjamin Adair, a descendant of a brother of General James Adair, the Indian historian. His mother was Rachel Lynch, from whom he derives his Cherokee blood. His parents died while he was a mere child, and he was consigned to the keeping of his aunt, Mrs. Maria Thompson, afterward Cunningham by marriage, and to the guardianship of two of his uncles, Joseph M. Lynch and James Allen Thompson, the latter by marriage. He had one sister, who died in the great removal West. He began his education in a Moravian missionary school, under the supervision of a Mr. Vogler, a Moravian minister. At this school he learned more how to endure pain than from the speller and catechism, as he was daily whipped for idleness and disposition to mischief. The boy was quick, active and swift of foot, and fond of rough and tumble exercises and coon hunting at night, of whom his uncles and aunts had hundreds. That there might be a chance for his reformation, he was taken from his old associations and put in the family of Rev. Cephas Washbourne, who had formerly been a missionary at Dwight Mission, in the Cherokee Nation, and then living near Bentonville, Arkansas. Here he took on more of Yankee habits and speech than knowledge of common school studies, so much so, that he was often taken for one of that peculiar distinction. In the family of this excellent divine and scholar, Mr. Adair resided for about three years, when he was sent to Ozark Institute, near Fayetteville, Arkansas, while Mr. R. W. Mecklin, or "Uncle Bob" as he was called by the boys, was preceptor. At this school were a score or more of Cherokee boys, and to it many yet living can ascribe any distinction they may have achieved. Here the subject of this sketch first began to make any noted progress in his studies. Language was his favorite study, and in the Latin he became a rather proficient scholar, and in the Greek to a small extent. In 1849, when the gold excitement in California was at its highest, and his guardians had refused to send him to college when he wished to complete his studies, because, as they believed, he had education enough to be a doctor, he and a cousin of his, by the name of William Buffington, concluded to try their fortunes in the gold fields of California. His guardians and uncles and aunts, not being loath to such an undertaking, and believing there would soon be a return of two boys thoroughly disgusted with rambling, an ox-wagon and a team of four yoke of cattle were procured, with a lame negro to drive them, and with enough provision to have gone on an Arctic exploration. In about four years they returned, with a good deal of experience, but with very little gold. After his return, in 1853, Mr. Adair married Miss Jeffries, of Springfield, Missouri, and entered upon the duties of an "affectionate husband and an indulgent father." The character of his life up to the beginning of the War of the Rebellion was entirely private, his occupation being principally farming. Casting his fortunes with the South, he raised a company of home guards, and was commissioned captain. He was never in any considerable battle but one, and that was at old Fort Wayne, near Maysville, Arkansas, in 1862. As a scout he was in many skirmishes and hand-to-hand fights, where differences were decided in a few minutes. After the Confederate armies had been driven South, and General Stand Watie, of the Cherokee regiments, had been stationed as an advance guard south of the Arkansas River, Captain Adair disbanded his company, which, in fragments, made its way through the enemy's lines to General Watie's command. He served through the entire war, and after the surrender returned to the Cherokee Nation in 1868, with his family, from Bellview, Texas, where he had moved them in 1863. On his arrival in his own country he settled at Tahlequah, the capital town of the Cherokee Nation. He reached that place with a helpless and hungry family, and seventy-five cents in his pocket. He did various kinds of work to support himself and family, and was finally relieved from drudgery by being appointed, first, auditor; next, clerk of the Cherokee Senate; executive councilor under Chief Downing; commissioner to re-survey the boundary lines between his nation and the States of Arkansas, Missouri and Kansas, as far west as the Arkansas River; delegate to Washington City in 1876, in 1880 and 1889; was twice member of the board of education; was assistant executive secretary under Chief Bushyhead, and secretary under Chief Mayes; was editor of the Cherokee Advocate, the official organ of the Cherokee Nation; was editor of the Indian Cheiftain, published at Vinita, and is now editor of the World, published at the same place. Mr. Adair is a gentleman of refinement and learning, and a poet of no ordinary ability, having contributed several gems to the collections of "American Poems," now in circulation.

Source: The Indian Territory, Its Chiefs, Legislators and Leading Men

TAHLEQUAH COURIER

The Tahlequah Courier began publication in June, 1893, at Tahlequah, Cher-
okee Nation, as the successor to the Indian Sentinel,* which apparently suspended
publication. 1 It was a four-page, eight-column weekly newspaper that was prob-
ably published only in the last half of 1893.

John Lynch Adair, Sr., a Cherokee, was editor, and Waddie Hudson, a whiteman, was the publisher. Born on April 12, 1828, Adair had been educated in a Moravian mission school and through private tutelage. He had worked in the California gold fields from 1849 to 1853, fought for the, Confederacy during the Civil War, and, after the war, served the Cherokee Nation in several capacities,
including national auditor, clerk of the Cherokee Senate, executive councilor, and delegate to Washington. He had considerable newspaper experience, having edited The Cherokee Advocate,* the Indian Chieftain,* and the Vinita World.* Hudson, born in Marshall County, Mississippi, on December 12, 1865, had worked as foreman of the Daily Tribune in Fort Smith, Arkansas, before going to Tahlequah in 1888. In 1889 he had edited The Indian Arrow* and in 1891 had become its owner. As the self-proclaimed successor to the Indian Sentinel, the Tahlequah Courier was also styled the "official organ" of the Downing Party in Cherokee politics. It maintained the basic format and content of the Sentinel: liberal advertisement.

Contributed on 9/14/10 by tslundberg
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Record #: 22725

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Submitted: 9/14/10 • Approved: 3/4/14 • Last Updated: 3/4/14 • R22725-G0

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